Discordant Redshift Systems Index

Tools and methods in A.R.I.

Anomalous redshift theory

Introduction to anomalous redshifts
Redshift components
Intrinsic redshift component
Redshift periodicity papers

History

Vesto Slipher – the redshift anomaly pioneer
Francis Pease – Dark matters
Edward Fath – early spectroscopy of galaxies
Knut Lundmark – extragalactic distance scale
George Paddock – early work on cosmological redshift
Julius Scheiner – 19th century extragalactic spectroscopy

Discordant redshift systems (by type of evidence)

HRO = High Redshift Object, LRO = Low Redshift Object.

HRO overlapping with LRO: 2dFGRS N379Z082, NGC 1232, NGC 3299, NGC 4460, NGC 5754, NGC 7603, PGC 029656, UGC 05832, UGC 06970.

Bridge: 0248+430, 1107+036, AM 0058-402, AM 0213-283, ARP 175, NGC 0101, NGC 1232, NGC 7603, PGC 029656, VV 172

Radio bridge: 3C 120, 3C 303, 3C 343.1, IC 2402

HRO excess near LRO: 3C 120, 3C 345, 53W 003, NGC 0007, NGC 0253, NGC 1073, NGC 1097, NGC 1291

Several HROs near LRO: ESO 476-008, AM 2316-665, ARP 35 & ARP 201, M74, NGC 1316, NGC 2683 companion, NGC 2859, NGC 2903

HRO within LRO group: HCG 028

HRO very close to LRO: 0248+430, 0846+51W1, 1107+036, 3C 343.1, 4C +07.04, ESO 534-021, HCG 028, NGC 0101, NGC 0720, NGC 4460, SDSS J083531.06+245608.1, UGC 05015, UGC 05020, UGC 06003

HRO quite close to LRO: MCG -01-02-034, MCG +09-13-060, NGC 1136, NGC 3077, NGC 5107, NGC 7171, NGC 7632

Pair alignment: 3C 212, 53W 003, 53W 080, 6DF J0406457-124421, AM 0058-402, IC 1767, IC 2402, NGC 0007, NGC 0010, NGC 0101, NGC 0423, NGC 0720, NGC 2903, NGC 5001, NGC 5015, NGC 5107, NGC 5754, UGC 05020, UGC 05832, UGC 06970 UGC 10806

Line alignment: 0846+51W1, 3C 303, 3C 345, ARP 175, HCG 027, NGC 0045, NGC 4698, NGC 7603, UGC 05020, UGC 10806

NGC 1275 types: SDSSJ092712.65+294344.0, SDSSJ153636.22+044127.0

Redshift mismatch in a galaxy group: NGC 0048, VV 172

Quantized redshifts: 3C 345, Abell 85, Coma cluster, Local Group, M81 Group, NGC 2859, Sculptor Group

Systematic redshifts: Local Group, M81 Group, Sculptor Group

Curious parameter values: ESO 534-021

Discordant redshift systems (alphabetically)

0248+430
0846+51W1
1107+036
2dFGRS N379Z082
3C 120
3C 212
3C 303
3C 343.1
3C 345
4C +07.04
53W 003
53W 080
6DF J0406457-124421
Abell 85
AM 0058-402
AM 0213-283
AM 0213-283 (my website entry)
AM 0219-273 (my website entry)
AM 0314-631 (my website entry)
AM 0436-472 (my website entry)
AM 0655-671 (my website entry)
AM 2004-295 (my website entry)
AM 2052-221 (my website entry)
AM 2316-665
AM 2335-474 (my website entry)
ARP 35 & ARP 201
ARP 55 (my website entry)
ARP 96 (my website entry)
ARP 102 (my website entry)
ARP 108 (my website entry)
ARP 109 (my website entry)
ARP 111 (my website entry)
ARP 117 (my website entry)
ARP 125 (my website entry)
ARP 130 (my website entry)
ARP 139 & ARP 196 (my website entry)
ARP 141 (my website entry)
ARP 142 (my website entry)
ARP 143 (my website entry)
ARP 145 (my website entry)
ARP 148 (my website entry)
ARP 149 (my website entry)
ARP 175
ARP 197 (my website entry)
ARP 220 (my website entry)
Arp-Hazard Triplet 1 (my website entry)
Arp-Hazard Triplet 2 (my website entry)
B2 0924+30 (my website entry)
B2 1637+29 (my website entry)
Coma cluster
EINSTEIN CROSS (my website entry)
ESO 185-054 (my website entry)
ESO 534-021
ESO 476-008 ESO 476-008
ESO 576-069 (my website entry)
GDS J033228.88-274129.3 (my website entry)
GRB 020405 (my website entry)
HCG 027
HCG 028
IC 1605 (my website entry)
IC 1746 (my website entry)
IC 1767
IC 2402
IC 4901 (my website entry)
Local Group
M31 (my website entry)
M33 (my website entry)
M49 (my website entry)
M51 (my website entry)
M63 (my website entry)
M74
M77 (my website entry)
M81 Group
M82 (my website entry)
M84 (my website entry)
M87 (my website entry)
M95 (my website entry)
M101 (my website entry)
M106 (my website entry)
MCG -01-02-034
MCG +09-13-060
MRK 0205 (my website entry)
MRK 0231 (my website entry)
MRK 0273 (my website entry)
NEQ 3 (my website entry)
NEQ 4030-11a (my website entry)
NEQ 4151-46a (my website entry)
NGC 0007
NGC 0010
NGC 0045
NGC 0048
NGC 0053 (my website entry)
NGC 0055 (my website entry)
NGC 0101
NGC 0150 (my website entry)
NGC 0214 (my website entry)
NGC 0247 (my website entry)
NGC 0253
NGC 0300 (my website entry)
NGC 0383 (my website entry)
NGC 0423
NGC 0450 (my website entry)
NGC 0470 (my website entry)
NGC 0520 (my website entry)
NGC 0613 (my website entry)
NGC 0615 (my website entry)
NGC 0622 (my website entry)
NGC 0685 (my website entry)
NGC 0720
NGC 0772 (my website entry)
NGC 0936 (my website entry)
NGC 0941 (my website entry)
NGC 1073
NGC 1097
NGC 1136
NGC 1199 (my website entry)
NGC 1232
NGC 1275 (my website entry)
NGC 1291
NGC 1316
NGC 1347 (my website entry)
NGC 1365 (my website entry)
NGC 1433 (my website entry)
NGC 1595 (my website entry)
NGC 2403 (my website entry)
NGC 2534 (my website entry)
NGC 2549 companion (my website entry)
NGC 2639 (my website entry)
NGC 2683 companion
NGC 2701 companion (my website entry)
NGC 2773 (my website entry)
NGC 2782 companion (my website entry)
NGC 2841 companion (my website entry)
NGC 2859
NGC 2903
NGC 2916 (my website entry)
NGC 2974 (my website entry)
NGC 3067 (my website entry)
NGC 3073 (my website entry)
NGC 3077
NGC 3079 (my website entry)
NGC 3184 companion (my website entry)
NGC 3227 (my website entry)
NGC 3299
NGC 3303 (my website entry)
NGC 3384 (my website entry)
NGC 3516 (my website entry)
NGC 3628 (my website entry)
NGC 3718 (my website entry)
NGC 3822 (my website entry)
NGC 3842 (my website entry)
NGC 4038/9 (my website entry)
NGC 4138 (my website entry)
NGC 4145a (my website entry)
NGC 4151 (my website entry)
NGC 4168 (my website entry)
NGC 4194 (my website entry)
NGC 4203 (my website entry)
NGC 4235 (my website entry)
NGC 4319 (my website entry)
NGC 4395 (my website entry)
NGC 4460
NGC 4496 (my website entry)
NGC 4651 (my website entry)
NGC 4698
NGC 5001
NGC 5015
NGC 5107
NGC 5112 (my website entry)
NGC 5128 (my website entry)
NGC 5223 (my website entry)
NGC 5296 (my website entry)
NGC 5548 (my website entry)
NGC 5665 (my website entry)
NGC 5682 (my website entry)
NGC 5754
NGC 5820 (my website entry)
NGC 5832 (my website entry)
NGC 5985 (my website entry)
NGC 6027, Seyfert’s Sextet (my website entry)
NGC 6212 (my website entry)
NGC 6217 (my website entry)
NGC 6503 (my website entry)
NGC 6947 (my website entry)
NGC 7020 (my website entry)
NGC 7171
NGC 7319 (my website entry)
NGC 7320 (my website entry)
NGC 7331 (my website entry)
NGC 7410 (my website entry)
NGC 7413 (my website entry)
NGC 7448 (my website entry)
NGC 7479 (my website entry)
NGC 7603
NGC 7609 (my website entry)
NGC 7625 (my website entry)
NGC 7632
NGC 7714 (my website entry)
NGC 7755 (my website entry)
NGC 7814 (my website entry)
NPM1G -01.0096 (my website entry)
PG 1211+143 (my website entry)
PGC 029656
PKS 2020-370 (my website entry)
SBS 1543+593 (my website entry)
Sculptor Group
SDSS J083531.06+245608.1
SDSSJ092712.65+294344.0
SDSSJ153636.22+044127.0
UGC 01839 (my website entry)
UGC 04551 (my website entry)
UGC 04988 (my website entry)
UGC 05004 (my website entry)
UGC 05015
UGC 05020
UGC 05832
UGC 06003
UGC 06970
UGC 10806
VV 172
Anonymous Galaxy (my website entry)
Anonymous Blue Radio Galaxy (my website entry)
Anonymous Quasar (my website entry)

Currently there are 215 discordant redshift systems listed above.

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