Line alignment of high redshift objects and low redshift objects

Note: This is part of my old website content that I’m transferring here.



3C 345
















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
3C 345 Opt.var. HPQ 0.59280
[HB89] 1640+396 (Q1) QSO AGN 0.539093
[CCH87] 1640.5+397 (Q2) QSO 0.625000
[HB89] 1641+399 NED05 (Q3) AGN 1.088540
[HB89] 1641+399 NED04 (Q4) Opt. extended AGN 0.705320
E 1641+399 (Q5) blazar 0.590692



ARP 142







  • Association of 3C 222, MSH 09-07 and ARP 142

    • Pair alignment of 3C 222 and MSH 09-07 across ARP 142. [1]
    • There is a jetlike shred of material coming from ARP 142 roughly to the direction of
      3C 222. [1]

  • Association of radio sources and ARP 142

    • There are five more radio sources near ARP 142. [1]
    • All the radio sources seem to form two rough lines of objects, and ARP 142 is near
      the point where the lines cross. [1]

  • References













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
ARP 142 galaxy triplet 0.02329
ARP 142 NED01 ? ?
NGC 2936 (ARP 142 NED02) I? 0.02331
NGC 2937 (ARP 142 NED03) E 0.02270
3C 222 radio galaxy 1.33900
MSH 09-07 ? ?
5 radio sources ? ?
The shred jet? ejected knot? 0.0168 [1]



ARP 220 also has a line alignment of high redshift objects and low redshift objects



B2 1637+29













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
B2 1637+29 E 0.08686
companion ? 0.104 [2]
? galaxy 0.568 [2]



M31







  • Association of galaxies and M31

    • Line of low redshift galaxies aligned along the minor axis of M31. [1]
    • 3C 120 and UGC 3066 fall roughly to M31 line of galaxies. [1]

  • Association of NGC 918 and M31

    • NGC 918 appears to be interacting with nebulosity which can be associated to M31. [1]

  • Association of NGC 935, IC 1801 and M31

    • NGC 935 and IC 1801 are at the center of a semiarc of nebulosity which can be
      associated to M31. [1]

  • Notes

    • M31 belongs to Local group DRS.

    • 3C 120 is also a suggested DRS.


  • References











OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
M31 SA(s)b LINER -0.00100
NGC 918 SAB(rs)c: 0.00503
NGC 935 Scd: 0.01382
IC 1801 SBb: 0.01342
3C 120 S0;LPQ;BLRG Sy1 0.03301
UGC 3066 SAB(r)d: 0.01548



M33














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
M33 SA(s)cd HII -0.00060
3C 48 Opt.var. Sy1.5 0.36700
quasar concentration ? average ~2
higher z galaxies ? 0.015 – 0.018 [3]



M51














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
M51 galaxy pair
M51A SA(s)bc pec; HII Sy2.5 0.00154
M51B SB0_1 pec LINER 0.00155
higher z galaxies ? 0.005 – 0.0077 [1]



M87







  • Line alignment across M87

    • Line of bright radio galaxies form a line across M87. There are 15 galaxies in the
      line altogether. (M87, M84, M86, M58, M59, M60, NGC 4168, NGC 4208, NGC 4473, NGC
      4476, NGC 4478, NGC 4550, NGC 4564, NGC 4647, NGC 4660). [1]
    • Direction of jets of M87 agree with the galaxy line. [1]

      • Alignment of the jet with the galaxy line is not very striking. [3]

    • Strongest X-ray sources in the area fall to the galaxy line. [1]
    • X-ray isophotes of M86 are elongated in the direction of the line. [1]
    • X-ray isophotes of M84 are flattened along the line of M87 jet, indicating that M84
      is moving along the line. [1]

      • Flattening is not exactly along the jet. [3]

    • There is an excess of bright quasars around M87 line of galaxies. [2]

      • There is no clearly aligned subset of quasars. [3]


  • Association of quasars and M87

    • There is evidence of periodicity in the redshifts of quasars in M87 area. [2]

      • Periodicity in M87 area is slightly different than the periodicity usually found from
        quasars. [2]


  • Notes

    • M84 is also a suggested DRS.

    • NGC 4168 is also a suggested DRS.


  • References




















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
M87 E+0-1 pec;NLRG Sy 0.00436
M84 E1;LERG LINER 0.00354
M86 S0(3)/E3 -0.00081
NGC 4168 E2 Sy1.9 0.00739
NGC 4208 SAc: -0.00027
NGC 4473 E5 0.00749
NGC 4476 SA(r)0-: 0.00657
NGC 4478 E2 0.00450
NGC 4550 SB0^0^: sp LINER 0.00127
NGC 4564 E6 0.00381
M58 SAB(rs)b;LINER Sy1.9 0.00507
M59 E5 0.00137
NGC 4647 SAB(rs)c 0.00474
M60 E2 0.00373
NGC 4660 E5 0.00361



M101







  • Line alignment across M101

    • Line of higher redshift galaxies across M101. [1]

      • There are also other objects that fall to the line: 3C 295, 3C 303, MRK 273,
        HCG 66. [1]
      • Rough line of five Markarian galaxies, MRK 0273, MRK 0231, MRK 0477, NGC 5683 (MRK
        0474) and MRK 0066 agrees with the line. [1]

    • Line of quasars and radio galaxies from M101. [4]

  • Association of galaxies and M101

    • Excess of higher redshift galaxies near M101. [2]

  • Association of 3C 295, MRK 0273 and M101

    • Rough pair alignment of 3C 295 and MRK 0273 across M101. [1]

  • Association of two quasars and M101

    • Pair alignment of two quasars across M101. [1]

  • Association of Abell 1767, Abell 1904 and M101

    • Pair alignment of Abell 1767 and Abell 1904 across M101. [3]

      • Abell 1767 and Abell 1904 are fairly equally spaced across M101. [3]
      • Redshifts of Abell 1767 and Abell 1904 are almost same. [3]


  • Association of Abell 1616, Abell 1999 and M101

    • Pair alignment of Abell 1616 and Abell 1999 across M101. [3]

  • Notes

    • 3C 303 is also a suggested DRS and it also belongs to NGC 5820 DRS.

    • MRK 0273 is also a suggested DRS.

    • MRK 0231 is also a suggested DRS.

    • NGC 5683 is also a suggested DRS.


  • References





















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
M101 SAB(rs)cd 0.00080
higher z galaxies ? 0.005 – 0.017 [1]
3C 295 E/S0 NLRG 0.46410
3C 303 N galaxy BLRG 0.14100
MRK 0273 Ring galaxy;Sy2Liner 0.03778
HCG 066 galaxy group 0.06990
MRK 0066 BCG 0.02176
MRK 0231 SA(rs)c? pec Sy1 0.02176
MRK 0477 Compact Sy1 0.03773
NGC 5683 SB(s)0/a? Sy1 0.03622
? quasar 0.646 [1]
? quasar 0.660 [1]
Abell 1767 galaxy cluster 0.07030
Abell 1904 galaxy cluster 0.07080
Abell 1616 galaxy cluster 0.08330
Abell 1999 galaxy cluster 0.09930



NGC 247












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 247 SAB(s)d 0.00053
4 galaxies ? ~0.021 [1]



NGC 520





























OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 520 galaxy pair 0.00761
NGC 520 NED01 S pec 0.00756
NGC 520 NED02 S 0.00736
? quasar 0.92 [5]
? quasar 0.33 [5]
? quasar 1.20 [5]
? quasar 1.41 [5]
? quasar 0.63 [5]
? quasar 1.47 [5]
NGC 467 SA(s)0^0^ pec? 0.01824
NGC 470 SA(rs)b HII 0.00792
NGC 474 (R’)SA(s)0^0^ 0.00791
NGC 488 SA(r)b 0.00758
NGC 533 cD;E3 0.01851
faint quasar 1 (closest to NGC 520) ? 0.77 [2]
faint quasar 2 ? 0.67 [2]
faint quasar 3 ? 2.11 [2]
faint quasar 4 ? 0.72 [2]
faint quasar 5 ? ?



NGC 2403







  • Association of galaxies and NGC 2403

    • NGC 2403 is at the center of a line of galaxies of different redshifts. M81 is at
      the end of the line. [1]

  • Notes

    • NGC 2403 belongs to M81 group which is also a suggested DRS.

  • References













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 2403 SAB(s)cd HII 0.00044
M81 SA(s)ab;LINER Sy1.8 -0.00011
NGC 2909 pec 0.0104 [1]
UGC 5028 SB(s)dm pec NELG 0.01221
MRK 0093 Sa:;HII Sy2 0.01765
MRK 0078 SB Sy2 0.03715
4C +65.08 Radio galaxy 0.21840
0700+63 blue, compact 0.152 [1]



NGC 2916







  • Association of five quasars and NGC 2916

    • Five quasars near NGC 2916. [1]
    • NGC 2916 UB05 and NGC 2916 UB2 form a pair across NGC 2916. [1]
    • Two other quasars of the five fall roughly to the alignment line of NGC 2916 UB05 and
      NGC 2916 UB2. [1]

  • References











OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 2916 SA(rs)b? 0.01244
? quasar 0.24 [1]
NGC 2916 UB05 quasar 0.73200
NGC 2916 UB2 quasar 0.79300
NGC 2916 U3 quasar 1.27900
NGC 2916 UB4 quasar 1.86800



NGC 3516

















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 3516 (R)SB(s)0^0^: Sy1.5 0.00884
Q1107+7232 quasar 2.10 [2]
Q1105+7242 quasar 0.929 [2]
Q1105+7238 quasar 1.399 [2]
Q1106+7244 quasar 0.690 [2]
Q1108+7226 quasar 0.328 [2]
S1102+7246 seyfert galaxy 0.089 [2]



NGC 4038/9













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 4038 SB(s)m pec 0.00548
NGC 4027 SB(s)dm 0.00557
? small interacting double 0.048 [1]



NGC 4151 also has a line alignment of high redshift objects and low redshift objects



NGC 4235







  • Association of quasar, BL Lac and NGC 4235

    • Rough pair alignment of a quasar and a BL Lac object across NGC 4235. [1]

      • Quasar and BL Lac are almost at a same distance from NGC 4235. [1]

    • Quasar-BL Lac pair is off from the minor axis of NGC 4235 by 2-12 degrees. [1]
    • Two BSO’s form an alignment across the BL Lac. [1]
    • A BSO, B1, and two red galaxies form a line that is aligned across the quasar. [1]
    • There seems to be a thin filament connecting the quasar and B1. [1]
    • There is a seyfert galaxy, MS 1217.0+0700 near the quasar. [1]

  • References












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 4235 SA(s)a Sy1 0.00804
? quasar 0.334 [1]
? BL Lac 0.136 [1]
2 BSO’s ? ?
B1 BSO ?
2 red galaxies ? ?
MS 1217.0+0700 Sy1 0.08000



NGC 4319 also has a line alignment of high redshift objects and low redshift objects



NGC 5128













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 5128 S0 pec Sy2 0.00183
NGC 5090 E2 0.01141
radio sources ? ?



NGC 5985







  • Association of six quasars and NGC 5985

    • Six quasars near NGC 5985. [1]
    • Redshift values of four of the six quasars fall close to preferred redshifts peaks. [1]

  • Line alignment across NGC 5985

    • Five of the six quasars (SBS 1533+588 doesn’t belong to the five) are close to the
      minor axis of NGC 5985. [1]

      • Redshifts of the five quasars decreases as distance from NGC 5985 gets bigger. [1]

    • Pair alignment of SBS 1537+595 and HS 1543+5921 across NGC 5985. [1]

      • SBS 1537+595 and HS 1543+5921 are very accurately on the minor axis of NGC 5985. [1]

    • Fainter NGC-galaxies in the region also fall to the minor axis of NGC 5985. [2]

  • Notes

    • SBS 1543+593 (with HS 1543+5921) is also a possible DRS.


  • References













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 5985 SAB(r)b;LINER Sy1 0.00840
HS 1543+5921 QSO 0.80700
SBS 1537+595 QSO 2.12500
SBS 1535+596 QSO 1.96800
SBS 1533+588 AGN 1.89500
SBS 1532+598 QSO 0.69000
SBS 1543+593 dwarf 0.00900
NGC ? galaxy 0.0097 [2]



NGC 6212







  • Pair alignment across NGC 6212

    • Pair of quasars (3C 345 and E 1641+399) aligned across NGC 6212. [1]

      • 3C 345 and E 1641+399 have very different optical brightnesses. [1]

    • Pair of quasars ([HB89] 1641+399 NED02 and [HB89] 1641+398) aligned across NGC 6212. [1]

  • Association of quasars and NGC 6212

    • Quasar density is very high near NGC 6212. [1]
    • Band of 10 quasars (3C 345, [HB89] 1638+398, [HB89] 1640+398, 1640.8, [HB89]
      1641+399 NED02 and [HB89] 1641+398, E 1641+399, [HB89] 1641+399 NED05, [HB89]
      1641+399 NED04, [HB89] 1642+400) through the nucleus of NGC 6212. [1]

      • There are 3 pairs with same redshifts in the line. [1]
      • NOTE! Some of these are same quasars as in 3C 345 line.

    • Redshifts of 18 out of 42 quasars within 1 degree radius from NGC 6212 fall very
      close to Karlsson peaks, when corrected for NGC 6212 reference frame.
    • If 3C 345 would be at NGC 6212 distance, then the highly relativistic movements
      observed in 3C 345’s jet would be only mildly reletivistic.

  • Notes

    • 3C 345 is also a DRS.


  • References
















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 6212 Sb Sy1 0.030281
3C 345 Opt.var. HPQ 0.592800
E 1641+399 blazar 0.590692
[HB89] 1641+399 NED02 QSO 2.000000
[HB89] 1641+398 QSO 2.000000
[HB89] 1638+398 Opt.var. HPQ 1.660000
[HB89] 1640+398 QSO 1.870370
“1640.8+398” ? 1.86 [1]
[HB89] 1641+399 NED05 AGN 1.088540
[HB89] 1641+399 NED04 Opt. extended AGN 0.705320
[HB89] 1642+400 QSO 1.376400



NGC 6217







  • Line alignment across NGC 6217

    • Pair alignment of Abell 2181 and Abell 2256 across NGC 6217. [1]
    • X-ray jet of NGC 6217 points roughly toward Abell 2181. [1]
    • Line of 3 BSOs from NGC 6217 roughly toward Abell 2181. [1]

  • Association of two quasars, Abell 2248 and NGC 6217

    • Two quasars, Q1 and Q2, are aligned across NGC 6217. [1]
    • Abell 2248 is roughly in the direction of the alignment of the two quasars. [1]

  • Association of a quasar and NGC 6217

    • Third quasar, Q3 is also near NGC 6217. [1]

  • References















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 6217 (R)SB(rs)bc Sy2 0.00454
Abell 2181 galaxy cluster ?
Abell 2256 galaxy cluster 0.05810
Abell 2248 galaxy cluster 0.06460
Q1 ? 0.376 [1]
Q2 ? 0.380 [1]
Q3 ? 0.358 [1]
? BSO ?
? BSO ?
? BSO ?



NGC 7448












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 7448 SA(rs)bc 0.00732
3C 454.3 blazar HPQ 0.85900



NGC 7714















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 7714 SB(s)b:pec;HII LINER 0.00933
NGC 7715 Im pec sp 0.00924
2333+019 quasar 1.871 [1]
? quasar 2.193 [1]
? galaxy ?



NGC 7814











OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 7814 SA(S)ab: sp LINER 0.00350



PG 1211+143













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
PG 1211+143 RQQ Sy1 0.08090
4C 14.46 QSO 1.28000
4 quasars BSO ?



UGC 01839







  • Association of seven quasars, two galaxies and UGC 01839

    • Seven quasars near UGC 01839. [1]
    • String of six quasars aligned across UGC 01839 with three quasars on each side. [1]
    • One more quasar, PKS 0222-00, is slightly off from the string of six. [1]
    • UGC 01839 is elongated towards PKS 0222-00, and UGC 01839 has faint jet pointing
      towards opposite direction. [1]
    • PKS 0222-00 has two compact nuclei aligned towards UGC 01839. [1]
    • Intrinsic redshift component of PKS 0222-00 is close to preferred redshift peak if
      UGC 01839 is the parent. [1]
    • It also has been suggested that PKS 0222-00 would be the parent of the string of six
      instead of UGC 01839. (Intrinsic redshift component of the six falls very close to
      preferred redshift peak if PKS 0222-00 is the parent.) [1]
    • At the each end of the string of six, there is a z = 0.041 galaxy (MCG +00-07-004
      and UGC 01876). [1]

  • Notes

    • PKS 0222-00 is also mentioned in NGC 936 DRS, and it is not clear to which DRS
      PKS 0222-00 belongs.


  • References















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
UGC 01839 Sdm 0.00513
SDSS J022254.64-004046.8 QSO 1.649080
SDSS J022152.95-003226.1 QSO 1.711670
SDSS J022346.42-003908.2 QSO 1.680240
SDSS J022058.10-002946.8 QSO 1.705850
SDSS J022050.25-002534.6 QSO 1.702990
SDSS J022430.15-004131.1 QSO 1.666440
PKS 0222-00 QSO 0.68700
MCG +00-07-004 galaxy 0.041593
UGC 01876 S NLAGN 0.041226



VV 172
















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
VV 172 Compact group 0.05260
VV 172a S0 pec: 0.05360
VV 172b S;N galaxy 0.12302
VV 172c SA0 pec: 0.05360
VV 172d SBa pec: 0.05164
VV 172e E pec: 0.05234

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