Bridge between high redshift object and low redshift object

Note: This is part of my old website content that I’m transferring here.



0248+430













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
PGC 090441 Sc 0.051939
[HB89] 0248+430 LPQ 1.31000
? quasar 1.531 [2]



3C 120












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
3C 120 S0;LPQ;BLRG Sy1 0.03301
companion ? 0.049 [1]



3C 303














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
3C 303 N galaxy BLRG 0.14100
3C 303C QSO 1.570000
? quasar ?
? extended object ?



3C 343.1












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
3C 343.1 galaxy 0.344 [1]
3C 343.1 quasar 0.75 [1]



AM 0058-402












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
AM 0058-402 Spiral 0.02259
PGC 590076 galaxy 0.05469



AM 0213-283
















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
AM 0213-283 S… 0.03527
[A81] 021344-2833N galaxy 0.082040
[A81] 021344-2833SE galaxy 0.035948
2dFGRS S308Z130 galaxy 0.082200
2dFGRS S307Z023 galaxy 0.082000
2dFGRS S308Z127 galaxy 0.082914



AM 2004-295












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
AM 2004-295 SAB(rs)c 0.023129
knot SW ? 0.097 [1]



AM 2052-221












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
AM 2052-221 S0 0.034377
PGC 819822 S? 0.156215



ARP 175















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
ARP 175 galaxy triplet
IC 3483 SAB(s)b pec: 0.00043
IC 3481 SAB0-: pec 0.02364
IC 3481A E pec: 0.02446
SDSS J123301.88+112301.9 galaxy 0.148379



ARP 220







  • Association of three galaxies (A-C) and ARP 220

    • Three galaxies, [OTH99] A, B and C, are emerging from SW end of ARP 220. [1][2]

      • [OTH99] A, B and C would be suspiciously luminous objects if they were at their
        redshift distance. [1]
      • Trail of X-ray sources from ARP 220 to one of three galaxies. [2]
      • Neutral hydrogen bridge between ARP 220 and [OTH99] A, B and C. [1]


  • Association of four galaxies ([OTH99] I-IV) and ARP 220

    • Further out from the three galaxies there is a line of four small galaxies,
      [OTH99] I, II, III, and IV. [2]

      • Line of [OTH99] I-IV points to ARP 220 through the three galaxies ([OTH99] A, B
        and C). [2]


  • Association of ARP 220:[ABC2001] 9, WARP J1535.1+2336 and ARP 220

    • Pair alignment of ARP 220:[ABC2001] 9 and WARP J1535.1+2336 across ARP 220. [1][2]

      • Quasars are evenly spaced from ARP 220. [1]


  • Association of two X-ray sources and ARP 220

    • Pair alignment of two X-ray sources across ARP 220. [1]

      • X-ray sources are evenly spaced from ARP 220. [1]


  • Association of radio sources and ARP 220

    • Bright radio sources in the area are aligned across ARP 220. [1]

  • Association of 20.3N, 20.3S and ARP 220

    • Rough pair alignment of 20.3N and 20.3S across ARP 220. [3]

  • Association of 3C 321 and ARP 220

    • 3C 321 is nearby and it has two strong radio lobes which are aligned toward ARP 220. [1]

  • References


















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
ARP 220 S?;LINER;HII Sy2 0.01813
ARP 220:[ABC2001] 9 quasar 1.249000
WARP J1535.1+2336 AGN 1.258000
[OTH99] A E 0.091000
[OTH99] B S 0.088000
[OTH99] C E 0.090319
[OTH99] I galaxy 0.528100
[OTH99] II galaxy 0.529000
[OTH99] III galaxy 0.522500
[OTH99] IV galaxy ?
3C 321 pec;NLRG Sy2 0.09610
20.3N quasar 0.2325 [3]
20.3S quasar 0.4627 [3]



B2 0924+30












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
B2 0924+30 S? 0.025261
[HB89] 0924+301 QSO 2.020000



EINSTEIN CROSS







  • Discordant redshifts in Einstein Cross ([HB89] 2237+030)

    • Four quasars (A, B, C and D) around a galaxy. [1]
    • Luminous connection between quasar D and the galaxy. [1]

      • Lyman alpha emission line becomes narrow between quasars A and B, which confirms that
        this is a gaseous filament. [1]

    • This is a case of gravitational lensing, where a single quasar is seen as four images lensed
      by the galaxy in the middle. [1]

      • Quasar images are elongated orthogonal to the theoretical predictions. [1]


  • References










OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
? galaxy 0.04
[HB89] 2237+030 A QSO 1.69500
[HB89] 2237+030 B QSO 1.69500
[HB89] 2237+030 C QSO 1.69500
[HB89] 2237+030 D QSO 1.69500



ESO 576- G 069












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
ESO 576- G 069 Sab 0.017809
PKS 1327-206 quasar 1.16900



GRB 020405













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
GRB 020405:[MPP2003] 1 galaxy 0.47200
GRB 020405:[MPP2003] 2 galaxy 0.47200
GRB 020405 OT galaxy 0.68980



IC 1746














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
IC 1746 S0 0.01735
PHL 1226 Opt.var. Sy1 0.40400
[BBK88] 04 Sbc 0.159200
[BBK88] 03 galaxy 0.159700



IC 2402












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
IC 2402 radio galaxy 0.06737
[HB89] 0844+319 QSO 1.838570



M49

















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
M49 E2/S0(2) Sy2 0.00333
3C 273 blazar; Sy1 LPQ 0.15834
M87 E+0-1 pec;NLRG Sy 0.00436
? Hydrogen cloud 0.00425 [2]
NGC 4261 E2-3;LINER Sy3 0.00747
? QSO 0.334 [3]
3C 279 blazar;HPQ BLLAC 0.53620



M106















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
M106 SAB(s)bc;LINER Sy1.9 0.00149
Q1218+472 QSO 0.398 [2]
Q1219+473 QSO 0.653 [2]
? X-ray source ?
? X-ray source ?



MRK 0205














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
MRK 0205 SBab Sy1 0.07085
Q1 quasar 1.259 [2]
Q2 quasar 0.633 [2]
Q3 quasar 0.464 [2]



MRK 0273







  • Association of MRK 0273x, a radio source and MRK 0273

    • MRK 0273x is near MRK 0273. [1]
    • MRK 0273x is at the tip of the plume from MRK 0273. [1]
    • X-ray bridge between MRK 0273x and MRK 0273. [1]
    • Pair alignment of a radio source and MRK 0273x across MRK 0273. [1]

  • Association of X-ray sources and MRK 0273

    • There are lot of X-ray sources that are roughly aligned in same line as the pair of
      a radio source and MRK 0273x. [1]

  • Association of infrared sources and MRK 0273

    • Infrared sources in the area define a line that agrees with the line of the pair of
      a radio source and MRK 0273x. [1]

  • Association of a quasar and MRK 0273

    • Radio bridge between MRK 0273 and a quasar. [1]

  • Association of a BSO and MRK 0273

    • Radio bridge between MRK 0273 and a BSO. [1]

  • Notes

    • MRK 0273 is part of M101 DRS.


  • References










OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
MRK 0273 Ring galaxy;Sy2Liner 0.03778
MRK 0273x Sy2 0.45800
? radio source ?
? quasar 0.941 [1]
? BSO 1.168 [1]



NEQ 3















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
? lenticular galaxy 0.1239 [2]
compact object 1 QSO/Sy 0.1935 [2]
compact object 2 HII galaxy 0.1939 [2]
compact object 3 HII galaxy 0.2229 [2]
bridge 0.19 (& 0.12?) [2]



NEQ 4030-11a












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NEQ 4030-11a ? 0.005 [1]
NEQ 4030-11b ? 0.021 [1]



NEQ 4151-46a












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NEQ 4151-46a ? 0.0037 [1]
NEQ 4151-46b ? 0.099 [1]



NGC 53












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 53 (R’)SB(r)ab 0.01524
[A81] 001213-6036N ? 0.124549



NGC 622














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 622 SB(rs)b Sbrst 0.01722
[HB89] 0133+004 NED01 QSO 0.910000
[HB89] 0133+004 NED02 QSO 1.469900
? HII region ?



NGC 772














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 772 SA(s)b 0.00825
NGC 772 companion 1 ? 0.008 [1]
NGC 772 companion 2 ? 0.066 [1]
NGC 772 companion 3 ? 0.067 [1]



NGC 941












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 941 SAB(rs)c 0.00536
NGC 0936 UB1 QSO 1.138970



NGC 1232 also has a bridge between high redshift object and low redshift object



NGC 1347













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 1347 galaxy pair
PGC 012989 SB(s)c: pec 0.005871
PGC 816443 S? 0.066 [1]



NGC 3067












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 3067 SAB(s)ab? HII 0.00492
3C 232 Opt.var. Sy1.8 0.53050



NGC 3628







  • Association of 15 QSOs and NGC 3628

    • 9 QSOs and 6 possible QSOs near NGC 3628. [1][2]
    • There is an overdensity of QSOs near NGC 3628. [1]
    • 10 of the 15 objects are inside NGC 3628’s plume contours. [1][2]
    • Redshifts of the quasars decrease as their apparent distance from NGC 3628
      increases. [1]

  • Association of [HB89] 1118+139, [HB89] 1118+138, RIXOS F259_007 and NGC 3628

    • [HB89] 1118+139, [HB89] 1118+138 and RIXOS F259_007 lie at the base of the main ENE-plume of
      NGC 3628. [1][2]

  • Association of [HB89] 1117+136 and NGC 3628

    • [HB89] 1117+136 is in the southern plume of NGC 3628 coincident with a thickening of the
      plume. [1]

  • Association of WEE 049 and NGC 3628

    • WEE 049 is at the tip of the southern plume of NGC 3628. [1]

  • Association of RIXOS F259_005, [HB89] 1117+137/RIXOS F259_011 and NGC 3628

    • Pair alignment of RIXOS F259_005 and [HB89] 1117+137/RIXOS F259_011 across NGC 3628,
      along it’s minor axis. [1][2]
    • X-ray bridge between NGC 3628 and [HB89] 1117+137 & RIXOS F259_011. [1][2]

      • Parts of the bridge are also optically visible. [1][2]
      • Bridge coincides with NGC 3628’s minor axis. [1][2]


  • References





















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 3628 SAb pec sp LINER 0.00281
[HB89] 1117+137 QSO 2.150000
RIXOS F259_011 AGN 0.995000
RIXOS F259_005 AGN 0.982284
RIXOS F259_007 AGN 0.408000
[HB89] 1118+138 QSO 2.430000
[HB89] 1117+139 QSO 2.022960
[HB89] 1118+139 AGN 1.943460
[HB89] 1117+136 QSO 1.750000
[HB89] 1115+140 QSO 1.412680
WEE 056 probably quasar ?
WEE 049 probably quasar ?
2RXP J111935.0+131921 probably quasar ?
1RXH J112010.3+133939 probably quasar ?
2RXP J112022.6+132212 probably quasar ?
2RXP J112028.8+132416 probably quasar ?



NGC 4145A












OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 4145A Spiral 0.00390
CGCG 215-048 NED02 SB 0.09800



NGC 4151







  • Association of NGC 4156 and NGC 4151

    • A spiral arm of NGC 4151 seems to connect to NGC 4156. [1][2]

      • There is a bulge of material on the rim of NGC 4156 just at the point where arm of
        NGC 4151 is seen to enter. [1]

    • NGC 4151 seems to be interacting with NGC 4156. [1]

      • Both spiral arms of NGC 4151 are weaker on NGC 4156 side, other arm, that is not
        connecting to NGC 4156, weakens near NGC 4156 and becomes stronger again when it
        passes NGC 4156. [1]
      • NGC 4151 seems to be missing hydrogen from NGC 4156 side. [1]
      • No signs of tidal interaction was found. [3]

    • H II regions of NGC 4151 and NGC 4156 are of same size. [1]
    • (Luminous bridge between NGC 4156 and a smaller galaxy SDSS J121049.13+393027.2.) [1]

  • Association of SDSS J121016.61+391817.0 and NGC 4151

    • SDSS J121016.61+391817.0 on the end of the NGC 4151’s other arm. [1]

  • Association of NGC 4156, SDSS J121016.61+391817.0 and NGC 4151

    • Pair alignment of SDSS J121016.61+391817.0 and NGC 4156 across NGC 4151. [1]

      • Diameters of SDSS J121016.61+391817.0 and NGC 4156 are similar. [1]


  • Association of radio sources and NGC 4151

    • Three radio sources near NGC 4151. [2]
    • There seems to be excess of radio sources around NGC 4151. [2]

  • Association of some galaxies and NGC 4151

    • Chain of galaxies (SDSS J121018.59+392518.2, NGC 4151:[A77] Ch 2,
      SDSS J121013.47+392432.8, NGC 4151:[A77] Ch 5, IXO 43, and one anonymous) of
      different redshifts near NGC 4151. [1]

      • The chain points to NGC 4156. [1]


  • Association of MCG +07-25-048 and NGC 4151

    • MCG +07-25-048 is near NGC 4151. [1]
    • H II regions of MCG +07-25-048 are almost twice as large as H II regions of NGC 4156. [1]

  • Association of [HB89] 1207+397 and NGC 4151

    • [HB89] 1207+397 near NGC 4151. [4]
    • X-ray bridge between NGC 4151 and [HB89] 1207+397. [4]

  • Notes

    • NEQ 3, also a suggested DRS, is near NGC 4151.

    • NGC 4145A, also a suggested DRS, is near NGC 4151.


  • References


















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 4151 (R’)SAB(rs)ab: Sy1.5 0.00332
NGC 4156 SB(rs)b LINER 0.02252
SDSS J121016.61+391817.0 NELG 0.022083
SDSS J121049.13+393027.2 blue 0.022483
SDSS J121018.59+392518.2 E-like 0.061319
NGC 4151:[A77] Ch 2 blue and compact 0.160000
SDSS J121013.47+392432.8 galaxy, HII? 0.160208
IXO 43 galaxy 0.239000
NGC 4151:[A77] Ch 5 galaxy 0.160000
Chain galaxy 6 ? ?
3 radio sources ? ?
MCG +07-25-048 SBm 0.022853
[HB89] 1207+397 Opt.var. BLLAC 0.616935



NGC 4319














OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 4319 SB(r)ab 0.00453
MRK 0205 SBab Sy1 0.07085
? radio source ?
? UV knot ?



NGC 5682




















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 5682 SB(s)b Sy1 0.00764
NGC 5683 (MRK 0474) SB(s)0/a? Sy1 0.03622
[HB89] 1432+489 QSO 1.945180
SDSS J143457.64+483857.9 compact blue galaxy ?
[A96] Mrk 474 c group of faint objects ?
NGC 5689 SB(s)0/a: 0.00720
[A96] Mrk 474 7 BSO ?
[A96] Mrk 474 15 BSO ?
SDSS J143439.59+483905.3 galaxy 0.071700
SDSS J143455.27+484218.8 galaxy 0.195833



NGC 6947













OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 6947 (R’)SB(rs)b 0.01865
[A81] 203813-3242A galaxy 0.123992
[A81] 203813-3242B galaxy 0.135894



NGC 7320 (Stephan’s Quintet)

















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 7320 SA(s)d HII 0.00262
NGC 7317 E4 0.02201
NGC 7318A ? 0.02211
NGC 7318B SB(s)bc pec 0.01926
NGC 7319 SB(s)bc pec Sy2 0.02251
? 5th high z galaxy 0.02 [1]
? barred spiral 0.02 [1]



NGC 7331



















OBJECTTYPEREDSHIFT
NGC 7331 SA(s)b LINER 0.00272
NGC 7317 E4 0.02201
NGC 7318A ? 0.02211
NGC 7318B SB(s)bc pec 0.01926
NGC 7319 SB(s)bc pec Sy2 0.02251
NGC 7320 SA(s)d HII 0.00262
3 companions ? 0.021 – 0.022 [1]
higher z galaxies ? 0.018 – 0.023 [9]
UGC 12082 Sm 0.00267



NGC 7603 also has a bridge between high redshift object and low redshift object

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